Timeline of Major Historical Events in Zambia

1873 May 1, David Livingstone (60), British physician, explorer (Africa), died in Chitambo, Zambia. His body passed through Zanzibar for a funeral in London in Apr 18, 1874.

1891 Jun 11, Portugal assigned Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a British protectorate.

1938 J. Desmond Clark (d.2002) became curator of the David Livingstone memorial Museum and stayed on for 24 years. He moved to UC Berkeley in 1961. His life’s work included over 18 books including “The Pre-history of Africa” (1970).

1961 Sep 18, Dag Hammarskjold, Secretary-General of the UN, was killed in a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). He was flying to negotiate a cease-fire in the Congo.

1964 Oct 24, Zambia (N. Rhodesia) gained independence from Britain (National Day). Pres. Kenneth Kaunda was in charge.

1969 Emmanuel Milingo (39) was named archbishop of Lusaka.

1982 Lusaka Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo resigned under pressure for his faith healings and exorcisms. He was brought to Rome as a functionary and retired in 2000. In 2001 he (71) married Marie Sung (43) of South Korea in a NYC wedding conducted by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.

1991 Pres. Kaunda was voted out of office. Pres. Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for Multi-Party Democracy won in the first multi-party elections.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 6/5/96, p.C16)(WSJ, 8/25/97, p.B5A)

1996 May 21, The government adopted new constitutional amendments to prevent Kenneth Kaunda from running for president. The amendments require that candidates be at least second-generation Zambians. Kaunda is the son of immigrants from Malawi.

1996 Jun 4, Nine opposition politicians were charged with treason and masterminding the Black Mamba group.

1996 Jun 16, In Zambia 15 soccer fans were crushed to death and 52 injured during a stampede after Zambia beat Sudan.

1996 Nov 20, Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for Multiparty Democracy won re-election. Former pres. Kaunda and his United National Independent Party boycotted because he was declared ineligible to run.

1997 Aug 24, Former pres. Kaunda accused Pres. Frederick Chiluba of trying to kill him after he was wounded by riot police during a protest rally.

1997 Oct 27, There was a coup attempt by against Pres. Frederick Chiluba. Scores of people, mostly soldiers, were later arrested and a state of emergency imposed.

1997 Dec 25, Former president Kenneth Kaunda was confined to prison for 28 days on suspicion of being linked to the Oct 27 coup attempt.

1997 Dec 31, Former Pres. Kaunda (73) was released from prison and placed under house arrest.

1997 By UN definition 9% of the children were orphans due to AIDS.

1998 Jan 10, A court filing accused Kenneth Kaunda of paying army officers $270 to stage an October coup, promising another $13,300 if the insurrection was successful.

1998 Jan 14, Two officers told a court in Lukasa that they were tortured into accusing Kenneth Kaunda of plotting a failed coup.

1998 Mar 17, The state of emergency imposed last Oct. was lifted.

1998 Jun 1, Zambia dropped charges against former Pres. Kaunda and released him after Kaunda pledged to retire.

1999 Feb 28, In Zambia a bomb exploded at the Angolan Embassy and 4 other locations in Lusaka.

1999 Mar 31, In Zambia the high court declared former leader Kenneth Kaunda, born to Malawian missionaries, a non-citizen.

1999 Nov 3, Wazi Kaunda (47), the son of Kenneth Kaunda, was shot and killed by 4 gunmen at his front gate in Lusaka. Kaunda was a senior official in the opposition National Independence Party.

2000 Mar 10, In Zambia over 12,000 people lost their homes when the spillways of Kariba Dam in southern Siavonga were opened to relieve pressure.

2000 Dec 4, In southern Congo over 10,000 refugees were driven into northern Zambia due to renewed fighting over the last 12 days.

2001 Apr 30, The ruling party nominated Pres. Chiluba for re-election following a vote to amend the constitution.

2001 May 2, In Zambia the ruling party ousted Vice Pres. Christon Tembo, 8 Cabinet members and 11 0ther senior officials who opposed Pres. Chiluba’s bid for a 3rd term.

2001 May 4, Pres. Chiluba said he would not run for a 3rd term.

2001 May 27, Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo married Maria Sung in a mass ceremony conducted by Rev. Sun Myung Moon in NYC. In Aug Milingo was reported to have recommitted his life to the Catholic Church. Marie Sung went on a hunger strike. Sung later resigned herself to Milingo’s return to the Church.

2001 Dec 27, Zambia held national elections. Early returns showed a virtual tie between Levy Mwanawasa of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy and Anderson Mazoka of the United Party for National Development.

2002 Jan 2, In Zambia Levy Mwanawasa of the ruling Multiparty Democracy (MMD) was sworn in as president despite protests of ballot stuffing and voter intimidation. An appeal for a recount was rejected. Nearly 85% of the country’s 10 million people lived on less than $1 a day. Unrest closed much of Lusaka.

2002 May 29, In Zambia Pres. Levy Mwanawasa declared a national food crises with 4 million people facing starvation due to drought.

2002 Aug 16, The Zambian government has rejected donations of genetically modified corn from the United States, even though a massive food shortage threatens nearly 2.3 million of its people with starvation.

2002 Nov 2, Rex Mwanawasa (43), the brother of Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa, was found dead in a hotel room in Pretoria.

2003 Feb 24, In Zambia former President Frederick Chiluba (59) was arrested and charged with stealing from the government while in office.

2003 May 6, It was reported that AIDS in Zambia had cut the average life expectancy to 33 years from 44 a decade ago. One in 5 adults was reported to have HIV.

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